Pigment spots are spots caused by the overproduction of melanin in the skin’s melanocytes.

Pigmentations are caused by UV rays and hormonal fluctuations (pregnancy, contraception); cosmetics containing petroleum jelly, essential oils, and medications (e.g., antibiotics, sulfonamides) can also trigger their formation.

Freckles also occur due to photoaging, when sunlight causes the skin to age. Again, it affects both women and men, not only on the face but also on the body.

When looking for a solution to remove such freckles, it is necessary to first consult with an expert to reveal the actual cause of their appearance and then choose an appropriate method for their removal.

Removing pigment spots is not painful. The result appears later, and the depigmentation process takes some time. However, we can only get rid of it for a while. With repeated exposure to UV rays, pigmentation will reappear.

However, it is much more effective to prevent the appearance of pigment spots by using creams with a higher protection factor and avoiding sunlight.

Pigment spots can be treated with the following treatments:

  • Whitening creams – containing whitening substances (hydroquinone, kojic acid, retinoid).
  • Chemical peeling – alpha hydroxy acids, most often glycolic acid. The procedure is repeated until the unification of the skin color is achieved – usually, 6 to 8 repetitions are necessary.
  • Intense pulsed light – IPL – during the procedure, a crystal is placed on the affected area through which an impulse passes – the light of a precisely defined wavelength that destroys pigment cells. The process takes several minutes, during which a person feels pinched by a rubber band. Pigmentation darkens after the procedure and disappears after three to four weeks. Depending on the depth and intensity of the pigmentation, it is necessary to repeat the process.
  • Microdermabrasion – mechanical, gentle grinding of the surface layers of the skin
  • Laser removal of pigmentation – micro fractional resurfacing using a CO2 laser
  • Cryotherapy – liquid nitrogen – is suitable for senile pigment spots. It is repeated several times.

It is recommended to undergo the treatments in autumn and winter and to protect the skin from the sun with products with the highest protection factor.