Vaginoplasty is a procedure that aims to “tighten” the vagina, which has become loose due to vaginal birth or aging. While it is true that vaginal tissues can be stretched, surgical tightening of vaginal tissue alone cannot guarantee an increased sexual response, as desire, arousal, and orgasm are complex, highly personal responses conditioned by emotional, spiritual, and interpersonal factors. Moreover, sexual “sensitivity” does not automatically lead to greater pleasure; it can lead to pain.


Labiaplasty – plastic surgery of the labia (“lips” surrounding the vagina) can be performed alone or with vaginoplasty. Surgery can be performed on the labia majora (more giant outer vaginal lips) or labia minora (smaller, inner vaginal lips).

Reconstructive surgery vs. cosmetic surgery

It is essential to understand the difference between reconstructive surgery and cosmetic surgery to decide whether you should consider vaginoplasty or labiaplasty.

Reconstructive surgery improves the function of a body part, while cosmetic surgery alters the aesthetics of essentially normal anatomy. For example, you can think of it as plastic surgery of the nose: the surgeon can restructure the internal nasal cavities to help you breathe better or reshape the nose just for appearance.

For example, some vaginoplasty procedures were initially developed as reconstructive surgeries to correct congenital disabilities where the vagina was deformed, too short, or missing (for instance, in vaginal agenesis) so that the girl could grow up to have normal urination, menstruation, and intercourse.

Operations related to vaginoplasty and labiaplasty

More recently, vaginoplasty has become cosmetic surgery marketed as “vaginal rejuvenation” and “designer vaginas.” Plastic surgeons and gynecologists are launching their series of designer vaginoplasty surgeries, claiming the same benefits for women as other cosmetic surgeries, such as beauty, self-confidence, and self-esteem.

Female genitalia naturally has a wide range of normal appearance that is anatomically correct. However, there is no “look” or the right way that the vagina and labia should look. Certain anomalies cause problems for the wearer. These can be solved surgically.

Recently, some surgeons have introduced laser technology for “vaginal rejuvenation” and other vaginal surgeries, replacing the traditional scalpel.

Here are some examples of “vaginal rejuvenation” and “designer vagina” procedures:


The hymen, the thin tissue at the entrance to the vagina, naturally “ruptures” the first time a woman has intercourse. The operation, called hymenoplasty, repairs the hymen to mimic its original, virginal state before the woman is sexually active. Due to the strong religious beliefs surrounding the importance of virginity in some cultures, this is among the most controversial cosmetic vaginal surgeries.

Uncovering the clitoris

Some surgeons are marketing clitoral stripping, which removes the tissue that usually covers the clitoris.

G-spot enhancement

The front wall of the vagina contains the highly erotic G-spot, a susceptible point of stimulation for female arousal and orgasm. The G-spot amplification procedure involves injecting collagen into the front wall of the vagina, theoretically, to increase pleasure.